The accumulation of amyloid-β protein (Aβ) in the brain signifies a major pathological change of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Extracorporeal blood Aβ removal system (E-BARS) has been under development as a tool for enhancing the clearance of Aβ from the brain. Previously, we revealed that dialyzers remove blood Aβs effectively, evoking substantial Aβ influx into the blood during hemodialysis sessions as one form of blood Aβ removal by E-BARS, and that postmortem brains of hemodialysis patients exhibited lower Aβ accumulation. Here, we present a case report of a 77-year-old male patient with end-stage renal failure whose Aβ accumulation in the brain declined by initiating and continuing hemodialysis for 6 months. This report suggests that blood Aβ removal by E-BARS could be an effective therapeutic method for AD.
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