Background: Restenosis still occurs, even with the sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), and the precise mechanisms and the impact of stent fracture on restensosis have not yet been elucidated. Methods and Results: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided SES implantation was performed in 184 lesions in 151 patients with stable and unstable angina. Serial (pre-, post- and follow-up) quantitative coronary angiography analysis was obtained in 169 lesions in 138 patients (angiographic follow-up rate: 91%) and 12-month clinical follow-up was done in all patients. Restenosis occurred in 13 (7.7%) of 169 lesions. Stent fracture occurred in 4 (2.4%) of 169 lesions at follow-up. Of the 13 restenotic lesions, 8 had intimal hyperplasia, 4 had stent fracture, and 1 had late stent thrombosis at 7 months. Although multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that minimal lumen area (min-LA) post (p=0.027), total stent length (p=0.003) and diabetes (p=0.032) were significant independent predictors of restenosis, univariate analysis showed that stent fracture was more common in the restenosis than in the non-restenosis groups (p=0.001). Conclusions: Although min-LA post by IVUS, total stent length by QCA and diabetes are independent predictors for angiographic restenosis, stent fracture occurred in 4 lesions (2.4%) and all of them resulted in restenosis (31% of the restenosis). The impact of stent fracture and its potential role in the development of restenosis deserves further study.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine