ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation has become a popular alternative to kidney transplantation in Japan because of the severe shortage of cadaveric donors. In our institution, 21 cases of ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation were performed from April 2004, to October 2007. Recipient age was 42.8 ± 14.5 years old; there were 9 men and 12 women. Duration of hemodialysis was 1,914 ± 2,343 days. Donor operation was performed using a complete laparoscopic procedure. Recipient's splenectomy was performed using a hand-assisted laparoscopic procedure and kidney transplantation was performed with a standard method using an extraperitoneal approach. Pretransplant immunosuppressive protocol includes an administration of mycophenolate mofetil, tacrolimus, predonisolone, splenectomy, double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP), and plasma exchange (PE). All patients showed an immediate graft function and their serum creatinine levels promptly decreased to 1.48 ± 0.99 mg/dL on day 7 and 1.21 ± 0.72 mg/dL on day 30. Both immunoglobulin (Ig)M and IgG titers were maintained at much lower levels for 7 days after transplantation in all patients. Cytomegalovirus antigenemia was observed in 11 patients (52.4%). One patient (4.8%) developed a Pneumocystis Carinii pneumonia and the formation of lymphocele was observed in one patient (4.8%). Total patient survival at 3 years was 95.2%, and graft survival at 3 years was 90.5%, which were almost equal to those in the patients who underwent ABO-matched, compatible kidney transplantation.
|出版ステータス||Published - 09-2008|
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