Selective impairment of working memory in a mouse model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion

Masunari Shibata, Nobuyuki Yamasaki, Tsuyoshi Miyakawa, Rajesh N. Kalaria, Youshi Fujita, Ryo Ohtani, Masafumi Ihara, Ryosuke Takahashi, Hidekazu Tomimoto

研究成果: Article査読

174 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE - We recently designed a mouse model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, in which the cerebral white matter is damaged without significant gray matter lesions. The behavioral characteristics of these mice were studied using a test battery for neurological and cognitive functions. METHODS - Adult C57Bl/6 male mice were subjected to either sham-operation or bilateral common carotid artery stenosis (BCAS) using microcoils with an internal diameter of 0.18 mm. At 30 days after BCAS, 70 animals were divided into 3 groups and subjected to behavioral test batteries. The first group underwent comprehensive behavioral test, including the neurological screen, prepulse inhibition, hot plate, open field, light/dark transition, Porsolt forced swim and contextual and cued fear conditioning (BCAS n=13; sham-operated n=11). The second group was for the working memory task of the 8-arm radial maze test (BCAS n=12; sham-operated n=10), and the third for the reference memory task of the 8-arm radial maze test (BCAS n=13; sham-operated n=11). Another batch of animals were examined for histological changes (BCAS n=11; sham-operated n=12). RESULTS - The white matter including the corpus callosum was consistently found to be rarefied without clear ischemic lesions in the hippocampus. No apparent differences were observed in the comprehensive test batteries between the control and BCAS mice. However, in the working memory tasks tested with the 8-arm radial maze, the BCAS mice made significantly more errors than the control mice (P<0.0001). Again, there were no detectable differences in the reference memory tasks between the groups. CONCLUSIONS - At 30 days after BCAS, working memory deficits as well as white matter changes were apparent in the mice. Working memory deficit was attributable to damage of the frontal-subcortical circuits, suggesting the BCAS model is useful to evaluate the substrates of subcortical vascular dementia.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2826-2832
ページ数7
ジャーナルStroke
38
10
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 10-2007
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 臨床神経学
  • 循環器および心血管医学
  • 高度および特殊看護

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