Gastrointestinal cancer is the most important clinical target of gene therapy. Suicide gene therapy, such as with the herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene, has been shown to exert antitumor efficacy in various cancer models in vitro. We previously reported in situ gene transfer and gene therapy for gastric cancer induced by N-ethyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (ENNG) in dogs. Here, we describe the sequential histopathological changes after suicide gene therapy of N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)-induced gastric cancer in rats. Gastric tumors were induced by MNNG in 38/73 (52%) of Wistar strain rats. The suicide gene therapy group (14 rats) was subjected to in situ gene transfer with a recombinant adenovirus vector carrying the HSV-TK gene driven by CAG promoter (Ad.CAGHSV-TK) in gastric tumor, followed by the antiviral drug ganciclovir (GCV). To observe the histopathological changes at various times after HSV-TK/GCV gene therapy, groups of animals were sacrificed at 3, 8, and 30 days after gene transfer. Apoptosis in the gastric tumors was detected by the TUNEL method to assess the efficacy of HSV-TK/GCV gene therapy, and it was marked in the 8- and 30-day treatment groups compared to the sham operation controls (P<0.001). Various histopathological changes, degeneration of cancer tissue and fibrosis after necrosis and apoptosis were significantly greater in the 30-day treatment group. The HSV-TK gene was detectable in peripheral blood by PCR until 30 days after gene transfer. These results may be useful in devising a method of suicide gene therapy for humans.
|ジャーナル||Japanese Journal of Cancer Research|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 2001|
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