Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection causes chronic gastritis and is also related to gastric carcinoma. The present study focused on severity of H. pylori -induced gastritis as a determinant of carcinogenesis. Seven-week-old male Mongolian gerbils were inoculated with H. pylori at experimental weeks 0, 12, or 18, then given N-methyl-N-nitorosourea (MNU) from weeks 20-40. At week 70, stomachs were then excised for histological examination 70, 58, or 52 weeks after H. pylori inoculation, respectively (Groups A, B, and C for long-, middle-, and short-term). The respective incidences of glandular stomach adenocarcinomas were 65.0% (13/20), 20.0% (2/10), and 23.0% (3/13) (P < 0.05). Higher scores of infiltration of inflammatory cells, hyperplasia, intestinal metaplasia and mucosal bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling index in antrum and corpus mucosa, were seen in group A than B or C (P < 0.05) and serum anti-H. pylori IgG titer and gastrin levels were also significantly higher, along with mRNA levels for mucosal interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). The results demonstrated the term and severity of H. pylori infection to play important roles in gastric carcinogenesis, with essential involvement of chronic inflammation, especially increased rates of cell proliferation, in H. pylori-associated carcinogenesis.
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