Fused in sarcoma (FUS) is an RNA binding protein that is involved in frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To establish the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) as a model for FTLD, we generated a stereotaxic injection-based marmoset model of FUS-silencing. We designed shRNAs against the marmoset FUS gene and generated an AAV9 virus encoding the most effective shRNA against FUS (shFUS). The AAV encoding shFUS (AAV-shFUS) was introduced into the frontal cortex of young adult marmosets, whereas AAV encoding a control shRNA was injected into the contralateral side. We obtained approximately 70–80% silencing of FUS following AAV-shFUS injection. Interestingly, FUS-silencing provoked a proliferation of astrocytes and microglias. Since FTLD is characterized by various emotional deficits, it would be helpful to establish a marmoset model of FUS-silencing in various brain tissues for investigating the pathomechanism of higher cognitive and behavioral dysfunction.
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