This preliminary study investigated genomic biomarkers for Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), related to three antiepileptic drugs, zonisamide, phenobarbital and phenytoin. Patients & methods: HLA class I and HLA-DRB1 loci were genotyped for Japanese patients with zonisamide-, phenobarbital- or phenytoin-induced SJS/TEN (n = 12, 8 and 9, respectively) and for healthy Japanese volunteers (n = 2878). Results: Carrier frequencies of HLA-A*02:07 in patients with zonisamide-induced SJS/TEN and in the general Japanese population were 41.7 and 6.81%, respectively. Carrier frequencies of HLA-B*51:01 in patients with phenobarbital- and phenytoin-induced SJS/TEN and in controls were 75.0, 55.6 and 15.2%, respectively. HLA-A*02:07 and HLA-B*51:01, in a dominant model, were significantly associated with zonisamide- and phenobarbital-induced SJS/TEN, respectively (Pc = 0.0176 and 0.0042, respectively). Conclusion: Our data suggest that HLA-A*02:07 and HLA-B*51:01 are potential biomarkers for zonisamide- and phenobarbital-induced SJS/TEN, respectively, in Japanese individuals.
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