Structural characterization of multibranched oligosaccharides from seal milk by a combination of off-line high-performance liquid chromatography-matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry and sequential exoglycosidase digestion

Mitsuhiro Kinoshita, Hiroko Ohta, Kanata Higaki, Yoko Kojima, Tadasu Urashima, Kazuki Nakajima, Minoru Suzuki, Kit M. Kovacs, Christian Lydersen, Takao Hayakawa, Kazuaki Kakehi

研究成果: Article査読

15 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A complex mixture of diverse oligosaccharides related to the carbohydrates in glycoconjugates involved in various biological events is found in animal milk/colostrum and has been challenging targets for separation and structural studies. In the current study, we isolated oligosaccharides having high molecular masses (MW ∼ 3800) from the milk samples of bearded and hooded seals and analyzed their structures by off-line normal-phase-high-performance liquid chromatography-matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight (NP-HPLC-MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) by combination with sequential exoglycosidase digestion. Initially, a mixture of oligosaccharides from the seal milk was reductively aminated with 2-aminobenzoic acid and analyzed by a combination of HPLC and MALDI-TOF MS. From MS data, these oligosaccharides contained different numbers of lactosamine units attached to the nonreducing lactose (Galβ1-4Glc) and fucose residue. The isolated oligosaccharides were sequentially digested with exoglycosidases and characterized by MALDI-TOF MS. The data revealed that oligosaccharides from both seal species were composed from lacto-N-neohexaose (LNnH, Galβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-6[Galβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-3]Galβ1-4Glc) as the common core structure, and most of them contained Fucα1-2 residues at the nonreducing ends. Furthermore, the oligosaccharides from both samples contained multibranched oligosaccharides having two Galβ1-4GlcNAc (N-acetyllactosamine, LacNAc) residues on the Galβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-3 branch or both branches of LNnH. Elongation of the chains was observed at 3-OH positions of Gal residues, but most of the internal Gal residues were also substituted with an N-acetyllactosamine at the 6-OH position.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)242-253
ページ数12
ジャーナルAnalytical Biochemistry
388
2
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 15-05-2009
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物理学
  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学

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