Subgrouping of gliomas on the basis of genetic profiles

Yuichi Hirose, Hikaru Sasaki, Masato Abe, Natsuki Hattori, Kazuhide Adachi, Yuya Nishiyama, Shinya Nagahisa, Takuro Hayashi, Mitsuhiro Hasegawa, Kazunari Yoshida

研究成果: Article

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Management of gliomas depends on histological diagnosis; there are, however, limitations to the systems presently used. Tumors in the same entity can have different clinical courses, especially when they are diagnosed as WHO grade II-III. Previous studies revealed that genetic subgrouping of gliomas provides useful information that could help establishment of treatment procedures on the basis of the genetic background of the tumors. Recently, the authors analyzed the chromosomal copy number aberrations (CNAs) of adult supratentorial gliomas by comparative genomic hybridization using microdissected tissue sections. The tumors were classified into subgroups according to chromosomal CNAs. WHO grade II-III gliomas contained a variety of genetic subgroups that correlated well with the clinical course. Of these, long progression-free survival was observed for tumors with +7q and those with -1p/19q, low-grade tumors of 2 major lineages, and, in our preliminary data, both were closely correlated with mutation of IDH1. Furthermore, in contrast with +7q tumors, the great majority of +7 or +7/-10q groups had wildtype IDH1. Genetic studies suggest that cytogenetic characterization may provide an additional classification system for gliomas, and new criteria could help to establish rational and objective means for analysis of treatment procedures.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)203-208
ページ数6
ジャーナルBrain Tumor Pathology
30
発行部数4
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 01-10-2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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