Postoperative complications of thoracic wall resection include respiratory complications, skin necrosis and infection. The aim of the present study was to examine postoperative complications in patients who required combined thoracic wall resection during the surgical removal of a tumor. The present study included 68 patients; there were 50 patients with lung tumors and 18 patients with musculoskeletal tumors. The clinical factors associated with complications were compared between the two groups. Preoperative and postoperative pulmonary function tests were performed to examine the residual pulmonary function in 16 patients. Thoracic cage reconstruction was performed in 46 patients. Postoperative complications occurred in 30 (44.1%) patients, and one patient died from postoperative pneumonitis. Compared with the pulmonary function preoperative test results, the postoperative results revealed a decrease in the mean vital capacity percentage and an increase in the mean forced expiratory volume within 1 sec as a percent of the forced vital capacity. In patients with lung tumors, pneumonectomy can result in an increased rate of complications following thoracic wall resection. Residual pulmonary function is affected by impaired thoracic cage expansion and removal of the lung. However, the results of the present study demonstrated that these complications can be somewhat stabilized by thoracic wall reconstruction.
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