Aims/Introduction: Hyperglycemia impairs energy substrate oxidation as a result of glucotoxicity. We examined whether the reduction of plasma glucose using a sodium–glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, in inpatient diabetes management, has any effect on: (i) treatment period and basal–bolus dosage of insulin that achieve euglycemia; (ii) fasting/postprandial energy expenditure (EE); and (iii) energy substrate oxidation. Materials and Methods: This was a randomized, open-label, 7-day prospective study. Participants were type 2 diabetes patients with hyperglycemia, aged >20 years, with glycated hemoglobin >10%, daily mean preprandial blood glucose >11 mmol/L (200 mg/dL) and no previous antidiabetic medication. A total of 18 type 2 diabetes patients were randomized (1:1) to basal–bolus insulin titration algorithm (INS) alone or INS + dapagliflozin 5 mg/day (INS/DAPA). The main outcome measures were total daily insulin dose to achieve euglycemia, as well as EE and respiratory quotient during fasting and postprandial states, measured by indirect calorimetry. Results: The rate of euglycemia was higher in the INS/DAPA compared with INS group (100 vs 55.6%, P = 0.04), whereas the total daily dose of insulin was 19% lower and was accompanied by a decreased basal–bolus ratio (P = 0.02). Fasting and postprandial EE elevation were similar in both groups. The post-treatment fasting respiratory quotient significantly increased in the INS/DAPA group (0.72 ± 0.05 vs 0.79 ± 0.08, P = 0.04), and the postprandial respiratory quotient elevation was abolished; the opposite trend was observed in the INS group (P < 0.02). Conclusions: INS/DAPA sustained fasting carbohydrate oxidation, postprandial lipid-derived EE (failed to increase carbohydrate-derived EE) and reduced basal insulin requirement might be related to further bodyweight loss. Clinical Trial Registry: National University Hospital Medical Information Network UMIN000018997.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism