Background: Some, but not all studies have provided evidence that the CagA status of Helicobacter pylori strains is a predictive factor for the outcome of eradication therapy. Aim: To clarify the association between CagA status and eradication outcome. Methods: We included studies reporting the numbers of successful and failed cases in H. pylori-eradication therapy according to the CagA status. Fourteen studies (1529 patients) were included of 325 articles identified in the search. The pooled risk ratio for H. pylori-eradication failure in CagA-negative relative to CagA-positive strains and the pooled risk difference in eradication success between the two groups were used as summary statistics. Meta-regression was used for examining the source of heterogeneity. Results: The summary risk ratio for eradication failure in CagA-negative relative to CagA-positive was 2.0 (95% CI: 1.6-2.4, P < 0.001), corresponding with the summary risk difference for eradication success between the groups of 11% (95% CI: 3-19°/o, P = 0.011). Meta-regression analysis demonstrated that usage of polymerase chain reaction examination for CagA status and a high proportion of non-ulcer dyspepsia patients were factors for heterogeneity among studies. Conclusions: Our meta-analysis confirmed the importance of the presence of CagA as a predictor for successful eradication of H. pylori.
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