Aims: The aim of this study was to perform quantitative analysis of the plaques of target lesions by integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound (IB-IVUS) and to investigate the association between these data and the risk of post-procedural myocardial injury after stenting. Methods and results: One hundred and fourteen consecutive patients who received elective stent implantations following IB-IVUS analysis were enrolled. The volume of each plaque component (lipid, fibrous, and calcified) was calculated for the target lesion. Creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and troponin-T (TnT) were also evaluated 18 h after procedure. We defined a post-procedural TnT level higher than three times the normal limit as a post-procedural myocardial injury. Lipid, fibrous, and calcified volumes were greater in patients with myocardial injury than in those without myocardial injury. Lipid and fibrous volumes correlated with post-procedural cardiac biomarkers, and the lipid volume fraction (lipid volume/total plaque volume) also correlated with post-procedural TnT and CK-MB. The fibrous volume fraction for plaques was found to be inversely correlated with post-procedural TnT and CK-MB. Hence, lipid volume and volume fraction were concluded to be independent predictors of post-procedural myocardial injury. Conclusion: A larger plaque volume and lipid-rich plaque may be indicative of embolic events after stent implantation, resulting in myocardial injury.
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