To investigate the influence of normal tissues on secretion of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) by ovarian cancer cells, conditioned medium of several normal human tissues (peritoneum, myometrium, and ovary) was added to ovarian cancer cells (NOM1). MMPs were detected by zymography and TIMP-1 levels were assayed by ELISA. The MMP-9 level was significantly higher in peritoneal conditioned medium than in myometrial and ovarian conditioned medium, but the TIMP-1 level was the lowest. Addition of conditioned medium from these normal tissues to NOM1 cells increased the levels of MMPs and TIMP-1 in NOM1 conditioned medium. Peritoneal conditioned medium induced the highest MMP-9 level in NOM1 conditioned medium, while TIMP-1 was the lowest. Conditioned medium from the normal tissues also significantly increased invading cell numbers, with peritoneal conditioned medium being the most potent. These results showed that secretion of MMPs and TIMP-1 is regulated by normal tissues and peritoneum provides the best conditions for ovarian cancer cell invasion.
|出版ステータス||Published - 1998|
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