Background: The rate of force development (RFD) is an indicator of muscle strength. A previous study reported that the RFD of hip abductor muscles was increased by neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) to gluteus medius (GM) during gait in healthy adults. However, the effects for patients following femoral head replacement for hip fracture are unclear. Purpose: The aim of this case report was to investigate the effects of gait training with sub-motor threshold NMES on RFD of hip abductor muscles in two patients following femoral head replacement for hip fracture compared to gait training without NMES. Case description: Two elderly patients following femoral head replacement for hip fracture received both interventions of gait training with sub-motor threshold NMES to GM and without NMES. Intervention phases involved 14 sessions each, for 28 sessions total. Outcomes: The RFD of hip abductor muscles, maximum walking speed, six-minute walk distance (6MWD), Berg Balance Scale, one-leg standing time (OLST), functional independence measure, and Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) were used as outcome measures. In both patients, RFD, 6MWD, OLST, and NPRS were improved by gait training with NMES compared to without NMES. Conclusion: Our results suggest the potential of NMES as a treatment methodology for these two patients undergoing femoral head replacement for hip fracture.
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