The GDNF/RET signaling pathway and human diseases

研究成果: Review article査読

361 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and related molecules, neurturin, artemin and persephin, signal through a unique multicomponent receptor system consisting of RET tyrosine kinase and glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-anchored coreceptor (GFRα1-4). These neurotrophic factors promote the survival of various neurons including peripheral autonomic and sensory neurons as well as central motor and dopamine neurons, and have been expected as therapeutic agents for neurodegenerative diseases. In addition, it turned out that the GDNF/RET signaling plays a crucial role in renal development and regulation of spermatogonia differentiation. RET mutations cause several human diseases such as papillary thyroid carcinoma, multiple endocrine neoplasia types 2A and 2B, and Hirschsprung's disease. The mutations resulted in RET activation or inactivation by various mechanisms and the biological properties of mutant proteins appeared to be correlated with disease phenotypes. The signaling pathways activated by GDNF or mutant RET are being extensively investigated to understand the molecular mechanisms of disease development and the physiological roles of the GDNF family ligands.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)361-373
ページ数13
ジャーナルCytokine and Growth Factor Reviews
12
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2001
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 免疫アレルギー学
  • 免疫学
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)

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