Previously considered the domain of the otolaryngologists, the endoscopy is now a common part of the armamentarium of a neurosurgeon. Neuroendoscopy or endoscope-assisted microsurgery is now being used in almost all routine procedures performed in the neurosurgical operating room. Hands-on training has become essential to learn the basics of neuroendoscopy, even for neurosurgeons well accustomed to the use of microscopes. To decrease the slope of the learning curve of residents during their training and reduce complications of procedures, most neurosurgery training programs around the world have incorporated laboratory or dissection programs in their curricula. Preconference workshops held during annual meetings are also an excellent tool to aid in the transition of surgeons from being a resident under the umbrella of an attending neurosurgeon to being a neurosurgeon able to operate independently and with confidence. In this "tech-savvy era," various cadaver or synthetic models are readily available for endoscopy training in a virtually simulated environment. In accord with the results of a surveys conducted by individual groups and societies, the authors firmly believe that incorporation of endoscopy in the neurosurgical curriculum would add a new dimension to the existing protocol. There is an urgent need for dedicated endoscopy training programs similar to postresidency fellowships in addition to translational research and establishment of dedicated societies to formulate guidelines for such research and monitor its progress.
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