The keratin-binding protein Albatross regulates polarization of epithelial cells

Masahiko Sugimoto, Akihito Inoko, Takashi Shiromizu, Masanori Nakayama, Peng Zou, Shigenobu Yonemura, Yuko Hayashi, Ichiro Izawa, Mikio Sasoh, Yukitaka Uji, Kozo Kaibuchi, Tohru Kiyono, Masaki Inagaki

研究成果: Article査読

35 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The keratin intermediate filament network is abundant in epithelial cells, but its function in the establishment and maintenance of cell polarity is unclear. Here, we show that Albatross complexes with Par3 to regulate formation of the apical junctional complex (AJC) and maintain lateral membrane identity. In nonpolarized epithelial cells, Albatross localizes with keratin filaments, whereas in polarized epithelial cells, Albatross is primarily localized in the vicinity of the AJC. Knockdown of Albatross in polarized cells causes a disappearance of key components of the AJC at cell-cell borders and keratin filament reorganization. Lateral proteins E-cadherin and desmoglein 2 were mislocalized even on the apical side. Although Albatross promotes localization of Par3 to the AJC, Par3 and ezrin are still retained at the apical surface in Albatross knockdown cells, which retain intact microvilli. Analysis of keratin-deficient epithelial cells revealed that keratins are required to stabilize the Albatross protein, thus promoting the formation of AJC. We propose that keratins and the keratin-binding protein Albatross are important for epithelial cell polarization.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)19-28
ページ数10
ジャーナルJournal of Cell Biology
183
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 06-10-2008
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 細胞生物学

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