An altered sulcogyral pattern in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) has been implicated in schizophrenia as a possible marker of abnormal neurodevelopment, while its genetic mechanism remains unknown. This magnetic resonance imaging study investigated the relationship between the polymorphism of YWHAE (rs28365859), a gene encoding 14-3-3epsilon that is a Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1)-interacting molecule associated with neuronal development, and the OFC subtypes of the 'H-shaped' sulcus (Types I, II, and III) in a Japanese sample of 72 schizophrenia patients and 86 healthy controls. The schizophrenia patients had significantly increased Type III (p=0.004) and decreased Type I (p=0.013) expression on the right hemisphere compared to the controls. The subjects carrying the protective C allele showed a decrease in Type III (p=0.005) and an increase in Type I (p=0.017) compared to the G allele homozygotes, especially for the healthy subjects in the left hemisphere. These results suggest a possible role for the YWHAE genotype in the early development of the OFC sulcogyral pattern, but its effect alone is not likely to explain the altered sulcogyral pattern in schizophrenia.
|ジャーナル||Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry|
|出版ステータス||Published - 03-06-2014|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes