Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has recently played an increasing role in the diagnosis of gallbladder diseases. This review aims to summarize the role of EUS in the diagnosis of gallbladder lesions. EUS provides high-resolution images that can improve the diagnosis of gallbladder polypoid lesions and microlithiasis, in addition to evaluating gallbladder thickness and staging of gallbladder carcinoma. Contrast-enhancing agents may be useful for the differential diagnosis of gallbladder lesions, but the evidence of their effectiveness is still limited and further studies are required in this area to establish its usefulness. Endoscopic ultrasound combined with fine needle aspiration has played an increasing role in providing histological diagnosis of gallbladder tumors in addition to gallbladder thickening.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging