In Japan, pancreas donation had become possible from cadaveric donor sources, both heart-beating or non-heart-beating (NHB). Pancreas allografts have been distributed in the organ allocation system of the Japan Organ Transplant Network. Meanwhile, islet transplantation has been categorized as a tissue transplantation; it is free from legal restraints. Thus, pancreata for islet isolation must be obtained from NHB donors. Herein we report the starting program and preliminary results of islet transplantation in Japan. Selection and listing criteria for transplantation include regional priority, ABO blood type, previous islet transplant status with insulin independence, and a longer waiting time. Five institutes in Japan (Fukushima, Chiba, Kyoto, Kobe, and Fukuoka) are prepared to start programs. A two-layer cold storage method using perfluorocarbons and UW solution is recommended for pancreas preservation. Islet isolation and purification procedures are performed according to institute-specific protocol. Immunosuppression is based on sirolimus/tacrolimus combined with basiliximab induction. Two or three consecutive infusions of >5000 IE/kg are planned for each recipient until achieving insulin independence. Twenty-seven isolations and 14 transplants were performed in eight non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) recipients. Almost all (26 of 27) were NHB donors. All recipients are free from hypoglycemic episode after transplantation. One of these recipients is insulin independent; the others are currently on minimal doses of exogenous insulin. The feasibility of islet transplantation using NHB donors was confirmed using a two-layer cold storage method and a steroid-free immunosuppressive protocol, with a high rate of graft function.
|出版ステータス||Published - 10-2005|
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