Several investigations have reported that the translin-associated factor X gene (TSNAX)/disrupted-inschizophrenia-1 gene (DISCI) was associated with major psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (BP), and major depressive disorder (MDD). TSNAX is located immediately upstream of DISC1, and has been shown to undergo intergenic splicing with DISC1. It thus may also be influenced by translocation. To our knowledge, there are no reported gene-based association analyses between TSNAX and mood disorders in the Japanese population. We conducted a case-control study of Japanese samples (158 bipolar patients, 314 major depressive disorder patients, and 811 controls) with three tagging SNPs in TSNAX, selected using HapMap database. In addition, we performed an association analysis between TSNAX and the efficacy of fluvoxamine treatment in 120 Japanese patients with MDD. The MDD patients in this study had scores of 12 or higher on the 17 items of the Structured Interview Guide for Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (SIGH-D). We defined a clinical response as a decrease of more than 50% in baseline SIGH-D within 8 weeks, and clinical remission as an SIGH-D score of less than 7 at 8 weeks. We found an association between rs766288 in TSNAX and female MDD in the allele/genotype analysis. However, we did not find any association between TSNAX and BP or the fluvoxamine therapeutic response in MDD in the allele/genotype analysis or haplotype analysis. Our results suggest that rs766288 in TSNAX may play a role in the pathophysiology of female MDD in the Japanese population. A replication study using larger samples may be required for conclusive results, since our sample size was small.
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