TTBK2 with EB1/3 regulates microtubule dynamics in migrating cells through KIF2A phosphorylation

Takashi Watanabe, Mai Kakeno, Toshinori Matsui, Ikuko Sugiyama, Nariko Arimura, Kenji Matsuzawa, Aya Shirahige, Fumiyoshi Ishidate, Tomoki Nishioka, Shinichiro Taya, Mikio Hoshino, Kozo Kaibuchi

研究成果: Article査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Microtubules (MTs) play critical roles in various cellular events, including cell migration. End-binding proteins (EBs) accumulate at the ends of growing MTs and regulate MT end dynamics by recruiting other plus end-tracking proteins (+TIPs). However, how EBs contribute to MT dynamics through +TIPs remains elusive. We focused on tau-tubulin kinase 2 (TTBK2) as an EB1/3-binding kinase and confirmed that TTBK2 acted as a +TIP. We identified MT-depolymerizing kinesin KIF2A as a novel substrate of TTBK2. TTBK2 phosphorylated KIF2A at S135 in intact cells in an EB1/3-dependent fashion and inactivated its MT-depolymerizing activity in vitro. TTBK2 depletion reduced MT lifetime (facilitated shrinkage and suppressed rescue) and impaired HeLa cell migration, and these phenotypes were partially restored by KIF2A co-depletion. Expression of nonphosphorylatable KIF2A, but not wild-type KIF2A, reduced MT lifetime and slowed down the cell migration. These findings indicate that TTBK2 with EB1/3 phosphorylates KIF2A and antagonizes KIF2A-induced depolymerization at MT plus ends for cell migration.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)737-751
ページ数15
ジャーナルJournal of Cell Biology
210
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 31-08-2015
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 細胞生物学

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