Vα14 natural killer T (Vα14 NKT) cells activated by α-galactosylceramide (α-GalCer) secrete a large amount of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. IFN-γ plays a crucial role in the inflammation response, and is also known as an activator of nitric oxide (NO) production. We previously reported that lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO production is augmented by α-GalCer in mouse peritoneal cells. Since the liver is susceptible to LPS stimulation via the portal vein, we examined the effect of α-GalCer on LPS-induced NO production in murine intra-hepatic lymphocytes (IHLs). Although IHLs augmented LPS-induced NO production by α-GalCer administration, such an augmentation was not observed in non-treated mice. Furthermore, α-GalCer did not augment LPS-induced NO production in IHLs from IFN-γ knockout mice. In flow cytometry analysis of IHLs from α-GalCer-treated mice, the ratio and number of F4/80- and TLR4-positive cells rose as compared with non-treated mice. The liver injury may be induced by LPS and NO under the condition where Vα14 NKT cells were activated.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 16-01-2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology