We investigated the effect of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on inorganic phosphate (Pi) transport in A-10 rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). AVP time- and dose-dependently stimulated Na-dependent Pi transport in A-10 cells. This stimulatory effect of AVP on Pi transport was markedly suppressed by V1 receptor antagonist. A protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor calphostin C partially suppressed the stimulatory effect of AVP. The selective inhibitors of c-Jun-NH2-terminal mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase (Jun kinase) attenuated AVP-induced Pi transport, but Erk kinase or p38 MAP kinase inhibitors did not. Wortmannin, a phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase inhibitor, suppressed AVP-induced Pi transport. Rapamycin, a selective inhibitor of S6 kinase, reduced this effect of AVP, while Akt kinase inhibitor did not. The combination of inhibitors for PKC, Jun kinase and PI 3-kinase completely suppressed the AVP-enhanced Pi transport. Furthermore, AVP rescued the VSMC from high phosphate-induced cell death and enhanced mineralization of these cells. In summary, these results suggest that AVP stimulates both Na-dependent Pi transport and mineralization in VSMCs. The mechanism is mediated by the activation of multiple signaling pathways including PKC, PI 3-kinase, S6 kinase and Jun kinase.
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