Objectives: In TRANSFORM, de novo kidney transplant recipients received either everolimus in combination with reduced-exposure calcineurin inhibitor (EVR+rCNI) at standard EVR pre-dose concentrations of 3-8 ng/mL or mycophenolic acid plus standard-exposure CNI (MPA+sCNI). The authors analyzed the incidence of wound healing adverse events (WHAEs) over the 2-year study period. Methods: Patients were randomized to either EVR+rCNI or MPA+sCNI, both combined with induction therapy and steroids. Results: The safety population consisted of 2,026 patients (EVR+rCNI: 1,014, MPA+sCNI: 1,012). The proportion of patients with at least 1 WHAE was comparable between EVR+rCNI and MPA+sCNI treatment groups [20.6% vs. 17.3%; risk ratio (RR): 1.19; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.99, 1.43] at month 24. The numerical difference between EVR+rCNI and MPA+sCNI was mainly caused by an increased proportion of EVR patients with lymphocele and wound dehiscence [7.5% vs. 5.1% (RR: 1.46; 95% CI: 1.04, 2.05) and 3.9 vs. 1.8% (RR: 2.22; 95%CI: 1.28, 3.84), respectively]. Conclusion: The immediate introduction of EVR+rCNI after kidney transplantation was associated with an overall comparable incidence of WHAEs versus current standard-of-care over the 24-month study period. There was an increased relative risk of experiencing lymphocele and wound dehiscence but the absolute risks were rather low in both groups. CT.gov identifier: NCT01950819.
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